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Detroit’s Agony Shows Why Black America Needs A People’s Plan for the Cities

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    by BAR executive editor Glen Ford

    Detroit, the Black Metropolis, is being disassembled. Having stolen local democracy, corporate planners now trip over themselves to create the grid for a new city, in which current residents will live in the shadows. Corporate disinvestment created urban Black majorities. Now, “the methodical return of corporate capital has capped and rolled back the growth of ‘Chocolate Cities’ in the U.S.”

     

    Detroit’s Agony Shows Why Black America Needs A People’s Plan for the Cities

    by BAR executive editor Glen Ford

    We must make it possible for the people to see the city as it actually exists, so that they can rationally dream, plan and build the city as it should be.”

    Hundreds of low-wage surveyors scour the depopulated streets of Detroit, mapping the extent of “blight” that has consumed the city. The three-person teams of the Blight Removal Task Force are financed by private corporations and foundations whose mission is the “orderly” destruction of the nation’s largest Black metropolis, to clear the way for a “new” city – one in which marginalized people like the surveyors themselves will be relegated to the shadows. The resulting data-base will allow real estate moguls like Quicken Loans founder Dan Gilbert, the task force sugar daddy, to create an urban grid that maximizes land values and forms the basis of future city planning. The corporate schemes that flow from the survey, beginning with recommendations to be released in late March, will dictate the types of people that the city will accommodate, and their “place” – if any – in the new urban configuration. Other corporate-financed demolition planners, under the so-called Detroit Blight Authority, have already begun clearing land for private exploitation.

    There is no question that Detroit’s state-imposed bankruptcy has dramatically quickened the pace of the land rush. However, private capital has always positioned itself on the ground floor of urban planning in the United States, where cities are first configured by profiteers and then occupied by those populations that can manage to fit themselves into the capitalist-contoured framework. The phenomenal, stunning – and wholly unplanned – explosion of Black urban pluralities and majorities in the Sixties and Seventies occurred when capital followed white populations in flight from the cities. Capital later reasserted itself, paving the way for gentrification with its “renaissance” projects in cities across the nation, thoroughly suborning the newly established Black political (misleadership) class to the task of African American removal.

    This mostly incremental process, streamlined through the normal intrigues of capitalist corruption of the public sphere, is always preceded by investments in corporate urban planning. Usually, such planning is carried out in secret, as a matter of course, with selected political “insiders” allowed a peek and a small slice as payment for facilitating the grand schemes. It is the methodical return of corporate capital that has capped and rolled back the growth of “Chocolate Cities” in the U.S.

    Detroit’s state-imposed bankruptcy has dramatically quickened the pace of the land rush.”

    However, some cities were too darkly chocolate for incremental transformation. Nature provided a miraculous opportunity for capital to put its plans on steroids in New Orleans, in 2005. As I wrote in the May 5, 2007 issue of Black Agenda Report, in response to Rev. Jesse Jackson’s contention that “Katrina is a metaphor for abandoned urban America”:

    “The problem is not the lack of an urban policy, but the failure to formulate progressive Black urban policies and plans. Corporate America and finance capital have both general and detailed visions of what the cities should look like and which populations and enterprises will be
    nurtured and served by these new and improved municipalities – ‘renaissance’ cities of the (near and, in some places, very near) future.

    “Corporate planners and developers believed they had been blessed by nature when Katrina drowned New Orleans, washing away in days the problem-people and neighborhoods that would ordinarily require years to remove in order to clear the way for ‘renaissance.’ 
    “Greed led to unseemly speed, revealing in a flash the outlines of the urban vision that would be imposed on the wreckage of New Orleans. As in a film on fast-forward, the ‘plot’ (in both meanings of the word) unfolded in a rush before our eyes: Once the Black and poor were removed, an urban environment would be created implacably hostile to their return. The public sector – except that which serves business, directly or indirectly – would under no circumstances be resurrected, so as to leave little ‘space’ for the re-implantation of unwanted populations (schools, utility infrastructure, public and affordable private housing, public safety, health care).”

    Corporate America and finance capital have both general and detailed visions of what the cities should look like and which populations and enterprises will be
    nurtured and served.”

    “Disaster Capitalism” does not require a natural calamity; it is fully capable of accomplishing the desired results by man-made means. Detroit, a city so deeply chocolate that a simple downtown renaissance strategy could not be sufficiently racially transformative in the near-term, needed to be crushed by the heavy hand of the state, through direct dictatorship and bankruptcy.

    That having been accomplished, the corporate planners are tripping over themselves in haste to create the new urban grid. Since the dismantling of Detroit is a very public affair, the corporate planning process will also be more transparent than usual. The accelerated schedule of political atrocities surrounding the unprecedented dissolution of a major American city – and the breakneck speed with which the Wall Street juggernaut now moves in pursuit of its unfolding neoliberal agenda – will make the agony of Detroit a spectacularly ugly affair.

    Lessons that should have been learned from Katrina will present themselves, again, with twists even more applicable to the rest of besieged urban America. With low-wage surveyors plodding Detroit’s streets, providing data for corporations to create the new grid that will abolish their own neighborhoods, our 2007 analysis remains relevant:

    “Had the post-1970 crop of urban Black leadership used the intervening decades to formulate urban plans and policies that transformed the cities in ways that served the needs of the new Black majorities and pluralities, they would now be capable of bargaining with onrushing capital – and would have had something to offer to the people…as corporations presented plans for the coup de grace on the Black majority.  But the misleadership class spent their terms in office wasting the historical opportunity, and the window is rapidly closing.”

    We cannot accept that it is too late for Black Detroit, because if that is true, then it is also probably too late for the other heavily Black cities of the nation. All of them face the same enemy: concentrated capital, which abhors concentrated Black people.

    Chocolate Cities Must Save Themselves

    Back in 2003, at the urging of Bill Lucy, then head of the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, I wrote a series of articles for BlackCommentator.com titled, “A Plan for the Cities to Save Themselves.” The five-part project stretched over nearly a year, from August 2003 to July 2004. The central conclusion was that urban political activists must also be urban planners who are as knowledgeable about the cities in which they organize, as are their corporate enemies. Serious urban organizers/planners need to do thorough audits of the assets of their cities, just as the corporations do. As we wrote in Part Five:

    “We must present the fullest picture of the city’s demographic, physical, and economic layout and activity: where different populations live; how dollars move; where people work, and what types of work they do; where they shop; how they move around the city; what public or private institutions anchor which neighborhoods, and what activity do they create; what is the state of the housing stock, and where; how many businesses exist; who owns them, and who do they employ, and where do the employees live; what is the state of infrastructure (streets, water, sewage, phone and cable telecommunications, mass transit lines, etc.), and who does the infrastructure serve; what are the physically attractive (and, therefore, valuable) sites and vistas, and who owns/controls them; how are police deployed; where are the schools; what is the general pattern and history of growth and decline, and why?”

    The audit is a necessity for the creation of a movement for democratic development, in which the people have the information they need to plan their own cities. Otherwise, the corporations call the shots:

    “Corporations routinely demand much of this type of data from local governments before investing in a city, and augment the public record with their own research. They gather information useful to their profit-making mission, to further their enterprise and protect their investment. (They then proceed to distort the data, to create the impression that the corporate project is not only the best course for the city to follow, but the only reasonable option available.) We must assemble an even wider range of data, because our mission is larger: to empower the population to recognize, seize control of, and deploy their collective municipal assets to enhance their own lives. We must give them the data and tools to both protect them from corporate power and allow them to engage in fair and productive negotiations with investors of good will. 

    “We must make it possible for the people to see the city as it actually exists, so that they can rationally dream, plan and build the city as it should be. According to their Plan… What we will create at the end of this stage of the process, is a cadre of city planner-activists: local leaders with a clear vision of their surroundings, and a burning desire to put the people’s dreams to work, by every means possible.”

    No project can be viewed as ‘development’ that does not on balance benefit the people who already live in the city.”

    Black progressives and their allies possess all the skills needed to undertake such audits of their cities, at affordable cost, as part of the political organizing process. But, there is a lack of will and vision. Instead, our worst enemies now pay destitute Detroiters $10 an hour to gather the data for a corporate audit that will be used to expel many of them from their communities.

    Most fundamentally, we must purge our vocabularies of corporate speech, which allows Capital to win every argument before the struggle is even begun. What the moneyed classes are up to in Detroit and everywhere else in Black America has nothing to do with “development.” As we wrote in Part One of the series, on August 14, 2003:

    “The rules of the game must be changed if the words ‘democracy’ and ‘development’ are to have any meaning to city dwellers:

    “1 - No project can be viewed as ‘development’ that does not on balance benefit the people who already live in the city. Cities are comprised of people. It is a contradiction in terms to pretend that cities are ‘improved’ by projects that lure and serve future populations, to the general detriment of existing residents. This principle has particular relevance to gentrification, but also to the full range of commercial and industrial projects to be considered.

    “2 - City government must act as an engine for economic and social uplift, and an arbiter of who is, and who is not, a good corporate citizen of the city. These are the general aims of the Living Wage Movement: to ‘raise the floor’ for all workers by barring from city contracts, subsidies and other favors those companies that fail to provide minimum terms of employment. Companies that benefit from the people’s poverty must be locked out of the public treasury. [We will now add, that such companies should be locked out of the jurisdiction, period.]

    “3 - The totality of a city’s resources, public and private – every thoroughfare, building, cable connection, vacant lot, vista, riverbank, swamp and repository of human skills – must be viewed as a public asset, the people’s bargaining chips and a moral trust.”

    It is now Wall Street that claims Detroit’s assets as reward for having successfully suborned and corrupted the Black Misleadership Class for all these decades.

    It’s never too late to say: Never Again.

    BAR executive editor Glen Ford can be contacted at Glen.Ford@BlackAgendaReport.com.

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    New bridge to Canada? "Hub" plans?

    Will these developments be in the "new" city section of Detroit? The "hubs" will probably be dedicated to Empire expansion, and more war, { funded by DOD} while the "black, bankrupt  Detroit" will be handy, for the supply of human fodder for ever expanding invasions, and for the growing prison industrial complex. 

    Not caring is an epidemic in the community

    Let me ask a dumb question: if "Black Detroit" is such a precious gemstone, then why aren't the wealthiest Blacks -- the sports and entertainment types -- moving there and re-building the city?

    Heck: what's "Bro 'Bama" done lately?

    Nothing, and I'll tell you why: ain't nobody gonna give a damn about poor people -- especially poor BLACK people.

    Sh*t: the Black man really DOES want what the White man wants: his money ... his women ... AND his attitude about all-things, Black.

    Until Black people start building for themselves, teaching for themselves, and especially caring for themselves, the African American will remain the world's doormat. Sh**t ... even Ugandans, Nigerians, Jamaicans, Ethiopians come to America and takeover yall's neighborhoods in a couple of years and can't figure out what the he** is the matter with the American Black man that he can't do the same.

    SO Y'ALL THINK I'M OFF THE CHAIN? WILL YOU JUST LOOK AT THAT BLACK-ON-BLACK MURDER RATE??? Y'ALL DON'T GIVE A DAMN ABOUT EACH OTHER! SO WHY SHOULD ANYONE ELSE????

    WTF ... in just a few short years, the Mexican is gonna be writin' y'alls paychecks anyway, so what the he** ... 

    Ouch.  But true.

    Ouch.  But true.

    I Am Ready.

    I must shamefully admit at 22 I have finally read "Columbus and the Afrikan Holacaust" I am ready to do battle for my African People, and crush this system once and for all.

    Welcome to the underground Afrikan army

    Study Steve Cokely lectures on youtube, join underground Afrikan armies in USA,Cuba,Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, or in East-Afrikan nations!
    Read 'The Panama Bible' free online
    Hotep

    My God

    First let me say that I voiced a dissenting opinion on a Detroit related article a few weeks ago that seemingly disappeared. I hope that in regards to censorship this place isnt turning into the Huffington Post, that would tragic.

    Regarding this article which is a might long for me at this particluar moment, let me focus on two sentences, Glenn writes:"We cannot accept that it is too late for Black Detroit, because if that is true, then it is also probably too late for the other heavily Black cities of the nation. All of them face the same enemy: concentrated capital, which abhors concentrated Black people."

    As a former resident of the Metro area, whose spent his summers at Grandmas inthe city all I can say is "how can it NOT be too late for Detroit?" Middle class blacks themselves have no interest in that old blighted city. You couldnt pay black people to move back there, and who could blame them/us? Maybe you have to live there to understand. First of all, and God knows I hate "capital", but only capital can rebuild the city, its too big it needs to be plowed under,and it absolutely needs racial diversity. Second of all Glen says that capital abhors concentrated black people. Isnt the concentration of black people what we've spent the last 40 years protesting, red lining, housing discrimination, etc? Lamenting the fall of concentration is like lamenting the fall of the Negro Leagues.

     

    Corporate disinvestment was/is war and warfare!

    Afrikans in America are the vanguard 'intel' military force in USA, 'spooks' with valuable info on who/how to take power and rulership from the caucasoid elite.
    They are failing in this mission, due to Obama deception and tokenism.
    All chocolate cities are parts of an Afrikan Empire, and this is why they are under attack.
    'War of the worlds' is a real reality, but we are ignorant to this fact!
    Afrikan resurrection is at hand!C

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