Pan Africa Newswire
Russian Foreign Ministry Publishes Documents Exposing Ukrainian Nationalists' Wartime Cooperation With Nazis
Soviet-era document said to be on the Ukraine fascist links to the Nazis during World War II. A fascist coup in Ukraine has also raised tensions in Russia., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Russian FM publishes docs exposing Ukrainian nationalists’ wartime cooperation with Nazis
Russia March 05, 19:27 UTC+4
The documents contain eyewitnesses’ reports
Russian Foreign Ministry has published a batch of documents of the Soviet People’s Commissariat of the Interior (NKVD) dating back to the years from 1942 through to 1945 and related to the operations of far-right Ukrainian nationalist paramilitaries during World War II.
The documents contain the eyewitnesses’ reports speaking about cooperation of members of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN/UIA) with the Nazis, as well as their involvement in mass purges of the population.
The documents were declassified in 2008. In particular, a report by chief of USSR NKVD’s 4th department Pavel Sudoplatov addressed to deputy chief of USSR NKVD’s 3th department Ilya Ilyushin dated December 5, 1942, says that “making the Kishen-Orel area their resting base, the Germans aided by Ukrainian nationalists cleared this area from everything Soviet”.
“For instance, in the Stary Orlik village in spring 1942, the Germans took away and later shot dead in the forest near the banks of Dnepr river 60 Soviet families; in the Zhdanovka village of Kotovsky district 35 families were taken away, in the Kitay-Gorod village – 45 families, in Nekhvoroshcha village about 200 families shot dead; in Pereshchepino village — some 100 families shot dead, and two persons — ex-assistant to Workers' and Peasants' Militsiya chief and farm foreman — were stretched on the gates of German commandants office.
Such barbarities took place in other villages as well. Later, the Germans carried out a large-scale enrolment among locals for police service in other areas, mainly adjacent to Samara forests,” the document.
People of different nationalities became victims of nationalists. In particular, an agent report from the area of Rivne dated August 4, 1943, tells about a mass execution of Poles.
“An agent of the NUD group that returned from the mountains of Vladimir-Volynsk, reported that July 18, 1943, he became witness to a mass execution of Polish population of Vladimir-Volynsk carried out by Ukrainian nationalists – Banderovites.
During service in catholic churches, the Banderovites killed 11 Roman Catholic priests and up to 2000 Poles on the town’s streets. The German garrison, police and Cossacks numbering 600 people did not take any measures against the execution of Poles, and only after that the German command hung out a notice urging Poles to enroll in the gendarmerie to fight against Banderovites.
Many Poles for fear of repressions went to serve for the Germans,” the report says.
OUN/UIA members also had uneasy relations with Ukrainian population. The enrolment of “volunteers” for the Ukrainian army was made by summoning enlisted men to the defense attaché office, where they were proposed to “voluntarily” enroll to the “Ukrainian national” army. In addition, it was told that the latter would only defend the interests of Ukraine. Those who refused to enroll “voluntarily” to the army were regarded by Germans as suspicious. They were arrested and sent to special concentration camps in Kremenchug and Dnepropetrovsk, the documents say.
The whole batch of documents disclosing diverse aspects of Ukrainian nationalists’ activities in the wartime can be found on Russia’s Foreign Ministry webpage in the Archive Service section.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov with his Spanish counterpart Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Lavrov: Russia not giving orders to Crimean self-defense forces
World March 05, 14:33 UTC+4
MADRID, March 05. /ITAR-TASS/. Russia does not give orders to self-defense forces in Crimea, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said here Wednesday upon the end of talks with his Spanish counterpart Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo.
“As for the servicemen of Russia’s Black Sea Fleet, they are staying at the sites of permanent deployment,” he said adding that supplementary security measures had been taken on their bases.
Russia’s Foreign Minister also said that in order to send international (OSCE) observers to the Crimea, the consent of all parties involved is needed. “Those who sit in the Verkhovna Rada do not control the whole territory,” Lavrov said. “It is necessary to make arrangements with those who control the situation in the region; the consent of all parties is required.”
“Our partners insist on accepting OSCE observers. We’ll discuss this issue. We’ve never ignored it. The problem should be solved by the receiving parties,” Lavrov said.
The destructive example of Ukraine is contagious, and it is necessary to put aside double standards in assessment of the situation, Lavrov added.
Reaction of global community to developments in Ukraine
The Russian minister is convinced that the root of all Ukrainian problems is that the global community couldn’t react timely to the opposition’s protests. “The global community could not react timely to anti-government protests that were carried out amid major breach of law by gunmen. On the contrary, these protests were encouraged,” he said.
“In essence, an armed coup occurred,” he added.
Lavrov also expressed confidence that sanctions against Ukrainian leadership contradict the principle of the Budapest Treaty. “As regards the Budapest Memorandum, let’s remember what is written in it. It has some things written, in particular, the commitment not to apply compulsory measures towards Ukraine as a sovereign state, measures that would violate its sovereignty,” he noted.
“Holders of sovereignty are the president, and other members of the Ukrainian leadership that have been sanctioned long ago by the US, in particular, and the EU threatens to sanction them because they used their authority in making a decision upon signing the international agreement,” Lavrov added.
“I would like to ask everyone to keep in mind that the problem is multi-layered, and in order to calm the situation, everyone should act in compliance with the letter and spirit of law, and not to make an impression that someone may breach everything, including the Constitution of Ukraine, while others should comply with everything even beyond all existing liabilities,” the minister stressed.
Statements about presence of US missile defense units in Ukraine are speculation
Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs called a speculation the statement about possible presence of US missile defense units in Ukraine. “I did not hear such a statement, but if this is true, we can see another example of those who sit now in the Verkhovna Rada speculating on relations between Russia and the West, trying to fuel these relations and fishing in troubled waters amid complete connivance of our western partners.”
“I believe, this policy is irresponsible,” the minister added. “I guess our western colleagues perfectly understand the whole game.”
Earlier, Ukraine’s ambassador to Minsk Mykhailo Yezhel stated that the option of bringing US missile defense units to Ukraine in exchange for providing financial aid to Kiev was being negotiated.
Russian tank units conducted exercises in the aftermath of the fascist coup in neighboring Ukraine. The coup in Kiev was engineered by the United States., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Russian troops ordered home from surprise war games
March 04, 2014 06:06
President Putin has ordered troops sent last week to a surprise military exercise in western and central Russia to return to their bases.
Putin ordered the return after a Defense Ministry report, which said the exercises have been conducted successfully, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told the media.
The surprise military drills in Russia’s central and western territorial commands were launched last Wednesday.
They involved 150,000 troops, 90 aircraft, 880 armor, 80 warships and other hardware.
On Monday the last phase of the drill was witnessed by Putin, who visited the Kirillovsk military range in Leningrad region in north-western Russia.
During the phase the 138th Mechanized Brigade of the Sixth Army of the Western Military District and the 104th Guards Airborne Regiment of the 76th Guards Airborne Division engaged in tactical war games. They demonstrated in the field their capabilities to maneuver and cripple enemy logistics, communication and control before a direct offensive.
The finale was somewhat spoilt by a heavy snow storm, which made a planned deployment of airborne troops too risky.
The exercises, which came amid a political crisis in Ukraine, were taken as a sign of a possible massive military incursion by some Russia watchers in the West.
Such drills, however, are called on a regular basis in Russia, with the previous one conducted in July in the east of the country.
Russia is currently under criticism from Western powers after the senate approved the sending of troops to Ukraine if needed to protect civilians from possible violence.
Moscow is concerned that radical extremists, who helped oust President Yanukovich and put in power the current self-proclaimed government in Kiev, may target regions in eastern and southern Ukraine, which refused to take orders from the new central authorities.
Western powers see the stance as aggressive and violating international law. Moscow denies the allegations, saying it is only concerned with protection of human rights in an unstable Ukraine and with the fate of ethnic Russians living there.
Kiev snipers hired by Maidan leaders - leaked EU's Ashton phone tape
March 05, 2014 12:41
The snipers who shot at protesters and police in Kiev were allegedly hired by Maidan leaders, according to a leaked phone conversation between the EU foreign affairs chief Catherine Ashton and Estonian foreign affairs minister, which has emerged online.
“There is now stronger and stronger understanding that behind the snipers, it was not Yanukovich, but it was somebody from the new coalition,” Urmas Paet said during the conversation.
“I think we do want to investigate. I mean, I didn’t pick that up, that’s interesting. Gosh,” Ashton answered.
The call took place after Estonia’s Foreign Minister Urmas Paet visited Kiev on February 25, following the peak of clashes between the pro-EU protesters and security forces in the Ukrainian capital.
Paet also recalled his conversation with a doctor who treated those shot by snipers in Kiev. She said that both protesters and police were shot at by the same people.
“And second, what was quite disturbing, this same Olga [Bogomolets] told as well that all the evidence shows that the people who were killed by snipers from both sides, among policemen and then people from the streets, that they were the same snipers killing people from both sides,” the Estonian FM stressed.
Ashton reacted to the information by saying: “Well, yeah…that’s, that’s terrible.”
“So that she then also showed me some photos she said that as a medical doctor she can say that it is the same handwriting, the same type of bullets, and it’s really disturbing that now the new coalition, that they don’t want to investigate what exactly happened,” Paet said.
Olga Bogomolets was the main doctor for the Maidan mobile clinic when protests turned violent in Kiev. She treated the gravely injured and helped organized their transportation to neighboring countries, who had expressed a willingness to treat those with severe wounds. From the outset, Olga blamed the injuries and deaths on snipers. She turned down the position of Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for Humanitarian Affairs offered by the coup-appointed regime.
The Estonian FM has described the whole sniper issue as “disturbing” and added, “it already discredits from the very beginning” the new Ukrainian power.
His overall impressions of what he saw during his one-day trip to Kiev are “sad,” Paet said during the conversation.
He stressed that the Ukrainian people don’t trust the Maidan leaders, with all the opposition politicians slated to join the new government “having dirty past.”
The file was reportedly uploaded to the web by officers of Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) loyal to ousted President Viktor Yanukovich who hacked Paet’s and Ashton’s phones.
94 people were killed and another 900 injured during the standoff between police and protesters at Maidan Saquare in Kiev last month.
US-backed forces of the Somalia Transitional Federal Government and AMISOM enter the town of Wanlaweyn. The Horn of Africa nation is being occupied by imperialism utilizing proxy forces from the region., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
SOMALIA: Bomb explosion targets Somali Federal government troops in Heliwa, Mogadishu
Posted on March 4, 2014
IED bomb explosion targeted troops from the Federal Government of Somalia In Heliwa’s market of Suuqa Xoolaha.
This bomb explosion believed to be IED was buried underneath of the ground and was later blew up at public place targeting members of Somali government troops.
The exact number of casualties is yet to come out, meanwhile the victims were rushed to the nearby hospitals and undergoing treatments.
The security officials and the Heliwa district administration have not issued a comment as answer to this bomb explosion.
Somalia's Al Shabab Islamic resistance movement marched through the streets of a town inside the Horn of Africa country. Despite claims by the US-backed transitional regime, the resistance to imperialism continues., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
SOMALIA: Al Shabab fighters seen in Raage Ceelle village near Jowhar town
Posted on March 4, 2014
Fighters of the militant group of Al Shabab were seen in Raage Ceelle village near Jowhar town, the provincial capital of Somalia’s Middle Shabelle region.
Raage Ceelle is about 100km north of Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia.
Heavily armed fighters on pick-up vehicles entered the small village on Monday, residents in the village told Raxanreeb Online.
The government forces and allied militia vacated the area a day before, the residents confirmed.
“The government forces left the village yesterday morning [Monday] and Al Shabab fighters came in. There is no problem now as the situation is calm.” one resident who did not provide his name for security issues said.
Regional government officials in Jowhar could not be reached for comment.
The move came as Somalia military and AMISOM forces declared fresh offensive on Al Shabab controlled regions in the south and central Somalia.
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, with Lila Cabbil of the D-REM, co-chairing the Emergency Town Hall meeting at Central United Methodist Church in downtown Detroit. The meeting drew up a plan of action to fight the bankruptcy., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Emergency Town Hall Endorses Program of Action to Fight Bankruptcy Restructuring
Workers, retirees, community says no to bankers’ “plan of adjustment”
By Abayomi Azikiwe
Editor, Pan-African News Wire
A standing-room-only audience at the Central United Methodist Church came out after a snow storm to participate in an Emergency Town Hall meeting designed to respond to the “Plan of Adjustment” filed in federal bankruptcy court in Detroit. The 400-plus page legal document is designed to institutionalize corporate rule over the people of this majority African American city.
This event was planned by a coalition of organizations fighting emergency management and the forced bankruptcy of this major mid-western city. The organizations involved included the Moratorium NOW! Coalition, Detroiters Resisting Emergency Management (D-REM), the National Action Network (NAN) Detroit chapter, the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute and the Michigan Welfare Rights Organization (MWRO).
The crowd was made up of many retired municipal employees who had rendered decades of public service to city government. Under the state-imposed emergency manager Kevyn Orr’s plan, retirees will be subjected to cuts that are tantamount to 70 percent of their overall income and benefits package.
Cheryl LaBash, a retired city employee and a member of the Stop the Theft of Our Pensions Committee (STOPC), provided a power-point summary of the Orr plan. She noted that the onus of the cuts will be on the retirees and workers of Detroit.
“They intend to pay the banks and bondholders most of what they claim is owed to them. The major revenue-generating departments and other services are to be outsourced and privatized,” LaBash reported.
She noted that within the report although there is some acknowledgement of the industrial restructuring of auto and steel beginning in the 1970s contributing to the economic downturn in the city, there was no mention of the foreclosure and eviction crisis which destroyed large sections of the municipality including neighborhoods, small businesses, community organizations, schools and consequently property taxes. There were tens of thousands of foreclosures in the city beginning in 2007 extending to the present.
These foreclosures were the direct result of the predatory lending of the banks and the failure of state and local government to impose a moratorium on evictions by these financial institutions and their agents. Hundreds of millions of dollars of federal funds and settlement monies from fines paid by banks have been funneled into the state of Michigan but very little has reached Detroit and other distressed cities to support the stabilization and reconstruction of working class communities.
A so-called blight removal authority is in effect to not repair and rebuild neighborhoods but to bulldoze them. There is no mention within Orr’s document of adjustment that calls for the creation of jobs, living assistance, healthcare and educational opportunities for the 700,000 residents of the beleaguered city.
Monica Lewis Patrick, a community organizer and former aide to retired City Councilwoman JoAnn Watson, reflected on the victories won by the people of Detroit in recent years related to the defeat of mayoral control of the public schools and the referendum which voted against the imposition of emergency management in 2012. The right-wing state legislature and multi-millionaire Republican Gov. Rick Snyder conspired and passed Public Act 436 which re-imposed the emergency manager law with provisions that disallow a public referendum on its existence.
A Program of Action Adopted
Several proposals were put forward by the Town Hall Meeting organizers. On April 1 there will be a hearing for objectors to the Orr plan of adjustment and forms were distributed for stakeholders to formally oppose the program of austerity before presiding federal judge Steven Rhodes.
The Moratorium NOW! Coalition called for a mass demonstration in front of the courthouse encompassing workers, retirees and community residents demanding that the massive cuts in pensions, healthcare benefits as well as the wholesale privatization and theft of public assets including the water department, the Detroit Institute of Arts, pubic lighting and Belle Isle be either halted or reversed. JoAnn Watson, the recently retired City Councilwoman who held out against emergency management and privatization, addressed the crowd saying that “the plan to take over Detroit has been in the offing for years.”
Watson called upon the people to resist the plan of adjustment. She said that the federal government should be challenged to intervene on behalf of the people of the city.
United States Congressman John Conyers of the 13th District also spoke to the audience saying that he would bring the plight of Detroiters directly to the Congress and the White House. “This is a great meeting we must keep up the pressure.”
The president of the Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU) representing the city’s bus drivers, Fred Westbrook, called for a demonstration in Washington. “Detroit is a test case. If they can carry this out here it will spread across the country.”
Atty. Jerome Goldberg, a lawyer in the bankruptcy proceeding representing retiree David Sole, an organizer in STOPC, said that developments in the next few weeks will be critical. Workers, retirees and the community must come out in force to stop the banks and the bondholders in their plans to implement this program on the people of Detroit.
Later David Sole told the audience that “recognition of labor unions was not won within the courts. It was the direct action of workers which won the gains of the labor movement. The same is true for civil rights and the end to the Vietnam War. These advances were largely won in the streets and we must learn from history.”
A proposal to organize a “Youth March for Jobs” on April 4, the 46th anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was advanced by Tom Michalak of Fight Imperialism Stand Together (FIST) organization. Michalak said that “under this system there is no hope for youth we have to begin to organize and fight for jobs and education.”
Atty. Alice Jennings proposed that May Day be utilized to call for a “no work, no school and no shopping day.” Jennings who works with the Detroit Resisting Emergency Management (D-REM) noted that such actions would draw the attention of people around the country.
People who attended the Town Hall signed up for the various committees to continue working to defeat Orr’s plan. Several people came to the Moratorium NOW! Coalition literature table after the meeting asking when the march on Washington would take place. People emphasized that we need to organize buses and mobilize people.
The meeting illustrated the rising anger in the city of Detroit over the attacks being waged by the system of emergency management at the behest of the banks. More people understand that it will take an organized effort to effectively address the current program of the ruling class.
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, speaking to a standing room audience in Boston on Feb. 22, 2014. He addressed the role of imperialism in Africa., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
An Additional 12,000 United Nations Troops Proposed to Intervene in the Central African Republic
French President Hollande visits Bangui and Nigeria emphasizing the central role of Paris
By Abayomi Azikiwe
Editor, Pan-African News Wire
A proposal submitted to the 15-member United Nations Security Council on March 3 calls for the deployment of an additional 12,000 foreign troops to the Central African Republic (CAR). The so-called “peacekeeping force” is ostensibly designed to reinforce the existing 9,000 French, African and European Union (EU) soldiers already inside or being sent into the mineral-rich state.
These developments are being discussed in the aftermath of a visit by French President Francois Hollande who stopped over in Nigeria prior to visiting the CAR. Hollande said that the presence of 2,000 French troops had saved thousands of lives in the country which has been wracked by political instability and the displacement of approximately 700,000 people.
Despite these claims by Hollande, the minority Muslim population in the CAR has been imperiled by armed militias called the “Anti-Balaka.” Many Muslims have had their mosques burned to the ground and their businesses looted by mobs.
With the removal of the previous government of interim President Michel Djotodia, the former titular leader of the Muslim-dominated Seleka Coalition, during January and the installation of the current head-of-state Catherine Samba-Panza, the attacks on the Muslim population, which constitutes only 15 percent of the overall number of people inside the country, have continued.
The attacks and removal of the Islamic community has resulted in an overall food crisis in the CAR. Many of the traders and distributors of food and other consumer goods were Muslims.
In addition to the fleeing of hundreds of thousands of Muslims, the much talked about food aid through the United Nations has not materialized. The UN recently warned that a looming food crisis in the CAR could lead to famine.
France Seeks to Rebuild Empire in Africa
Francois Hollande first visited the West African state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, an oil-producing country with close economic and political ties to the imperialist states. On Feb. 27, the country which has the largest population of any other state in Africa, was commemorating the 100th anniversary of the consolidation of Nigeria under British colonial rule.
At a conference on security in Africa held in conjunction with the centenary, Hollande offered France’s assistance in the military campaign against the Boko Haram religious group which has waged a campaign of sabotage against the federal government since 2009. Boko Haram is largely based in the north of the country which under British colonial rule remained underdeveloped in comparison to the west of Nigeria where the commercial capital of Lagos is located.
Hollande told participants at the security conference that "Your struggle is also our struggle. We will always stand ready not only to provide our political support but our help every time you need it because the struggle against terrorism is also the struggle for democracy." (France 24, Feb. 28)
According to France 24, “The meeting comes as local officials and residents of the north-eastern Nigerian town of Buni Yadi criticized Nigerian security forces for their slow response to Tuesday’s gruesome attack on a local school dormitory, which killed 43 people, mostly students. Shortly after the attack, Nigeria appealed to France and to the governments of neighboring Francophone countries – notably Cameroon, Niger and Chad – to assist in the battle against Islamist militants who have set up bases in the porous, sparsely populated border regions.”
“We need international cooperation with France and with French-speaking West Africa to work together to address this problem before it becomes a major problem for France and for Western interests in West Africa,” Nigerian Information Minister Labaran Maku stressed during the gathering. France 24 observed as well that “French troops are currently stationed in Mali and Central African Republic (CAR), assisting African forces in the two former French colonies and sparking questions over whether France is slipping back to an interventionist past when Paris played gendarme in its African ‘pré carré’ (backyard).”
Nonetheless, with specific reference to the CAR, the French and allied African military presence has not stabilized the country or provided adequate security measures to protect the Muslim population. In Mali, where France intervened in January 2013 to supposedly drive out Islamic groups based in the north of the country, troops remain while tensions are still high in the region.
The presence of United States, French and EU troops in various African states is a reflection of the failure of the continental organization, the African Union (AU), to mobilize a regional standby force that could effectively address the issues of peacekeeping, internal and cross-border stability and national reconciliation and reconstruction. Many of the internal conflicts within the post-colonial African states are a direct holdover from the divide and rule tactics of the colonial and neo-colonial powers based in Europe and North America.
These imperialist states have their own exploitative agenda in Africa today. The aim is to dominate the extraction and distribution of natural resources and to block the burgeoning economic and political relations between AU member-states and the People’s Republic of China as well as other countries which can act independently of the Western countries.
The solution to the current security and economic crises in Africa lies in reversing its continuing dependency on ruling class interests in the capitalist countries. Only when Africa breaks with these class interests and exercises its independence and sovereignty can real solutions to these regional problems be developed and implemented.
Abayomi Azikiwe, PANW Editor, Featured on Press TV World News: 'Western Powers After CAR's Natural Resources'
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, is a news analyst who often addresses worldwide audiences through new agencies and satellite television. He is a frequent lecturer as well on African and global affairs., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.Western powers after CAR’s natural resources: Analyst
Interview with Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire
Mon Mar 3, 2014 10:35AM GMT
To watch this Press TV world news interview just click on the website below:
Press TV has interviewed Abayomi Azikiwe, an editor of the Pan-African News Wire, to discuss with him the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) and the international community’s role.
What follows is a rush transcript of the interview.
Press TV: Now this recent warning by the United Nations just goes to show how multi-thronged the problems that the CAR is facing are. Now what do you make of this situation as a whole?
Azikiwe: You’re correct. It is a multi-faceted crisis. There are two clear points related to the shortage of foods.
First of all, the Muslim population was heavily involved in trade inside the Central African Republic. They were of course owners of businesses. They were involved in distribution and wholesale as it relates to the distribution of agricultural products inside the country. This of course is also related to the issue of transport. Many of the people in the Muslim population were also involved in the transport of food to the critical areas of the country. Then of course we have to deal with the fact that despite the United Nations’ approving this large scale military occupation of the Central African Republic, a very small portion of the actual appeals for direct food assistance to the country have been honored.
So we’re dealing with the problem of destabilization, which of course is largely responsible for the breakdown in distribution of food, and also we’re dealing with the question of transportation as well as the failure of the international community to honor those pledges made in order to send in supplemental food in order for people to be fed inside the country.
Press TV: Well I’d like to pick up on the point you just made. The international community, as you have called it, has responded by just deploying more boots on the ground in the CAR and that is clearly not the answer. Why do you think that they continue to present the military option as the only option?
Azikiwe: Because they have an agenda which is not necessarily related to the stabilization of the political and social situation inside the Central African Republic. The country has strategic mineral resources that are valuable to the world economic system. This is the underlying factor, as it relates to the intervention of these large-scale military units that are coming from various parts of the so-called international community.
We already have approximately 8,000 foreign troops that are occupying the CAR. The current interim President Catherine Samba Panza has requested an additional 10,000 troops from the United Nations member states. So we’re talking about the possibility of 18,000 troops being involved in occupying the Central African Republic without a political solution, without stabilizing the social and economic situation on the ground. This is a recipe for even greater disaster and not a solution to a crisis.
Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast for Sunday March 2, 2014--Hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, speaking in Cleveland on March 13, 2010 at a public forum on the history of U.S. foreign policy towards Haiti., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.For Immediate Release
March 4, 2014
Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast for Sunday March 2, 2014--Hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe
To listen to this broadcast hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, just click on the website below:
Tensions are escalating over the United States backed fascist coup in Ukraine. The overthrow of the elected President Viktor Yanukovich last month has prompted uncertainty throughout Ukraine and especially Crimea on the Black Sea.
A military-backed trial aimed at prosecuting ousted President Mohamed Morsi has once again been adjourned this time ostensibly due to bad weather. A new cabinet reshuffle by the army-allied regime has removed several of the liberal and social democratic politicians and replaced them with technocrats and businessmen.
The Ethiopian government has announced that the Great Renaissance Dam project on the Nile River is nearly one-third complete. The project will re-direct water from Egypt to expand the generation of hydro-electric power and regional trade as well as economic development.
Finally, fighting is continuing in the Republic of South Sudan despite ongoing negotiations. The talks are continuing in Ethiopia where the African Union headquarters is based.
Pan-African Journal: Worldwide Radio Broadcast From Marygrove College on the Housing Crisis--Hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe on March 1, 2014
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, chairing the 11th Annual Detroit MLK Day Rally & March at Central United Methodist Church on Monday January 20, 2014. (Photo: Marge Shultz), a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.For Immediate Release
Tuesday March 4, 2014
Pan-African Journal: Worldwide Radio Broadcast on the Housing Crisis Conference at Marygrove College Hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe on Saturday March 1, 2014
To listen to this broadcast hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe just click on the website below:
This broadcast covered the Michigan Roundtable for Diversity and Inclusion Conference at Marygrove College located in Northwest Detroit. The event was designed to focus on the impact of foreclosures, evictions and homelessness on communities throughout the state of Michigan.
The Moratorium NOW! Coalition to Stop Foreclosures, Evictions and Utility Shutoffs played a prominent role in the conference by mobilizing many of the families which successfully fought to keep their homes from seizure by the banks and the federal government.
Moving testimony from numerous activists brought home the ongoing crisis which was caused by the banks and the failure of the local, state and federal governments to impose a moratorium on foreclosures and evictions which would have saved thousands of home throughout the state.
Abayomi Azikiwe, the host of the Pan-African Journal, interviewed a number of the conference participants broadcasting around the world their assessments of the crisis and its underlying causes. All of the people interviewed concurred that the crisis is economic in its origins.
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, on Press TV's Top Five. Azikiwe is a frequent guest on satellite television news., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.Muslim population in CAR under siege: Editor
Sat Mar 1, 2014 4:22PM
Interview with Abayomi Azikiwe
France triggered CAR slaughter
To watch this Press TV world news interview with Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, just click on the website below:
Press TV has conducted an interview with Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of Pan-African News Wire, Detroit about anti-French sentiment in the CAR due to the rising violence there.
The following is an approximate transcript of the interview.
Press TV: The French president being there in the CAR. Here we are with France thinking this was going to be a three-month adventurism and it has been anything but that.
Azikiwe: Yes, this is the second visit of President Francois Hollande to the Central African Republic, which is a former French colony.
I completely disagree with his assessment that the French military intervention in the CAR has saved thousands of lives. We believe it is just the opposite.
The destabilization and the precarious security situation inside the country have worsened since the escalation of the military intervention by Paris. I believe that he is attempting to justify an ongoing French as well as European Union military intervention in that mineral-rich African country.
The French parliament has recently approved an extension of the French occupation inside the country, but there is no evidence that suggests that their presence has in fact protected civilians.
The Muslim population in the Central African Republic is under siege. People who have even attempted to leave have been prevented from leaving. And there are essentially mobs that are there that are not being disarmed by the French troops or the EU troops or the African troops that are allied with France and the European Union.
And this of course is going to worsen unless there is a political solution to the crisis inside the country.
Press TV: Exactly, a political solution indeed, but not by what the French president’s posturing is of which you said I think an additional 400 troops were sent in.
So, what is France’s game plan at this point?
Azikiwe: France has always had a strong military as well as economic presence in most of its former colonies, many of which gained their independence in 1960 or thereabouts so therefore this is a continuation of a similar policy of neo-colonialism that was largely crafted by the French during the late 1950s and early 1960s. He is attempting to provide a rationale for the maintenance of this position, but it remains to be seen whether or not the situation is going to stabilize inside the country.
The current Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza says that she will be in office until 2015 when there is going to be elections taking place inside the country. However, it will be very difficult to have any form of generally democratic elections when you have these types of threats that are being launched against the Muslim community.
The economy has been severely damaged because the Muslims have been largely responsible for bringing in consumer goods, being involved in trade. And of course this has created a very, very bad food crisis as well as a crisis of the economy overall inside that state.
Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, delivering a lecture in Boston on the struggle against imperialism in Africa and abroad. The event was held on Feb. 22, 2014. (Photo: Steve Kirschbaum), a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Africa & the Struggle Against Imperialism
Why neocolonialism should be opposed in the western capitalist states
By Abayomi Azikiwe
Editor, Pan-African News Wire
Note: Below are excerpts from remarks made at two public meetings in Boston and Philadelphia on Feb. 22 and 24 respectively. The events were part of an African American History Month tour sponsored by Workers World Party and the International Action Center branches based in both of these cities.
Feb. 21, 2014, marks the 49th anniversary of the assassination of Malcolm X, El Hajj Malik Shabazz, who was gunned down before hundreds of people in Harlem at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem in 1965. Nearly five decades since his murder there are still many remaining questions about the conspiracy to eliminate this heroic and iconic figure who was a legend in his own time and has been immortalized since he was taken away from his family, comrades and supporters worldwide.
Malcolm X represented the best within transformational leadership during the 20th century. He was born into a Garveyite family with both of his parents playing leading roles within the Universal Negro Improvement Association—African Communities League (UNIA-ACL).
Malcolm’s parents met at a UNIA Convention held in Montreal, Quebec (Canada) in 1919. This gathering proved to be pivotal in the growth of the Garvey Movement. The following year the UNIA would hold its convention in New York City where for a month the organization would hammer out its program and make an international appeal for the liberation of African people.
Louise Little, Malcolm’s mother, was originally from the Caribbean island-nation of Grenada. His father, Earl Little, a Baptist preacher, was born in Georgia.
Earl Little was reportedly killed by the white supremacist organization known as the Black Legion in 1931. This racist and fascist group was similar to the Ku Klux Klan and carried out terror campaigns against African Americans and labor activists in Michigan.
As a result of his father’s brutal murder, his mother became isolated and was committed to a mental institution for nearly three decades. The Little family would be broken up and the children were sent to foster care and to live with other relatives.
Malcolm would eventually move to Boston in 1941 where he fell into the street life and landed in prison by 1946. During his time in prison between 1946-1952, he became an intellectual and later a member of the Nation of Islam under the leadership of Elijah Muhammad.
Of course Malcolm would come to Detroit and Inkster, a suburb outside the city, to work and organize for the NOI. He became an assistant Minister of Mosque Number One where he recruited co-workers, youth, street people, members of churches and anyone willing to listen to the NOI’s views and world outlook.
In 1957, Malcolm was appointed as the national spokesman for the NOI. He traveled around the United States preaching and organizing for Elijah Muhammad.
Later in 1959 Malcolm would take his first trip abroad to Egypt, Ghana, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. He was acting as an emissary of Elijah Muhammad and the NOI.
Malcolm brought politics, material historical analysis and international affairs to the NOI. He would found the Messenger Magazine in 1959 that later grew into the Muhammad Speaks newspaper in 1961. This newspaper became widely circulated inside the African American community across the U.S.
Malcolm X and Global Struggle for African and World Emancipation
Like Garvey, Du Bois, Henry Sylvester Williams, Anna J. Cooper, Addie Hunton, Amy Ashwood Garvey and others before him, Malcolm X realized that the plight of African people inside North America was inextricably linked to the conditions of the masses on the continent and in the Diaspora. He also recognized that the colonized and neo-colonized peoples were engaging in mass and armed struggles to win their national liberation in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, the Caribbean and South America.
In 1960 in New York City at the Teresa Hotel in Harlem he would play leading role in hosting the-then Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro and his delegation which had traveled to the United Nations. The Cuban delegation was treated in a hostile and racist fashion until Fidel moved up to Harlem and won the respect and recognition he and his comrades deserved.
However, by 1963, Malcolm X would run into obstacles within the NOI. He would be forced out of the organization and in March 1964 he formed the Muslim Mosque, Inc. and later the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) in June of the same year.
His second trip abroad in April and May 1964 was much more political and organizationally directed. He would visit Mecca for Hajj but also spent time in Egypt under the late President Gamal Abdel Nassar and in Ghana, which was led at the time by Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah, the chief strategist and tactician of the African Revolution.
Upon returning to New York Malcolm indicated that his organizational activities would not be limited to demanding the acquisition of full democratic rights and self-determination for African Americans in North America but would seek allies in Africa, the Arab world and other regions of the globe where oppressed people resided. He went back to Africa, the Middle East and Western Europe between July and November 1964 to further seek working relationships with progressive and revolutionary governments as well as national liberation movements.
It was Malcolm’s success in internationalizing the Black struggle during 1964 and early 1965 that brought down the raft of U.S. imperialism against him. Even today his death is described by bourgeois commentators and historians as being more of a tragedy rather than a political assault on the movements for emancipation worldwide.
Pan-Africanism and Internationalism Today
In the 21st century the legacy of Malcolm X and those who have followed in his steps is more relevant than it was five decades ago. As Malcolm observed in 1964-65, the imperialists have shifted their focus from direct to indirect rule. Their objective is to halt, frustrate and if necessary, overturn all advancements made by oppressed and working people throughout the globe.
Capitalism is in a deeper economic and political crisis today than it was during the 1960s. In the second decade of the 21st century the ideologues of the capitalist system put forward no solutions to the problems of poverty, joblessness, environmental degradation, racism and national oppression, gender inequality, etc. All the spokespersons for this exploitative system articulate are more measures leading to greater austerity, war and political repression across the world from Africa, to Europe to the entire Western hemisphere.
Five decades ago the Democratic administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a so-called “War on Poverty.” However, the fundamental causes of poverty and income inequality were never attacked by the system. When the masses of African Americans went into the streets to demand Civil Rights their efforts were thwarted by the state. Later as the movement became more militant and armed it was ruthlessly repressed by the local police, the intelligence services, the National Guard and the Army Airborne Divisions.
After the assassination of Malcolm X, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference would take a position against the U.S. imperialist war being waged on the Vietnamese people respectively in 1966 and 1967. SNCC would be met with political and law-enforcement repression and Dr. King was assassinated as a direct result of their people’s struggle against poverty, racism and war.
From the period of Johnson’s lackluster “war on poverty” to the “benign neglect” of the Nixon administration and subsequent regimes, structural unemployment and poverty has worsened. In this period the ruling class openly advocates the further mass impoverishment of workers, women, trade unionists, the nationally oppressed, workers in general and even retirees.
In Detroit, where Malcolm X organized during the 1950s, the very social base which served as the cadre for the NOI and subsequent organizations such as the Republic of New Africa (RNA) and the League of Revolutionary Black Workers (LRBW), has been systematically eroded due to the development of the capitalist system of production and social relations. Notions of a post-industrial or post-capitalist society became an ideological tool to dissuade and demoralize the working class and the oppressed from organizing in their own interests.
If the profits accrued from the exploitation of workers in the U.S. are not enough then the ruling class will move to other areas of the country or outside its borders. The impact of these policies has still not satisfied the owners of the means of production and now they want to repress the masses even further to take away not only the social safety net which grew out of the struggles during the Great Depression and Post-World War II period but to also break its contracts with organized labor stealing their homes, wages, jobs, pensions and healthcare systems.
Due to the crisis of the world capitalist system, even the superficial trappings of bourgeois democracy have been torn asunder. In order to enforce austerity a system of emergency management and forced bankruptcy is being implemented in Detroit and the state of Michigan as a precursor and blueprint for the working class across the U.S.
A key element of this process of the disempowerment and super-exploitation of the masses is imperialist war. The Pentagon budget has grown exponentially even in the aftermath of the Cold War where the must talked about “peace dividend” never materialized during the 1990s and in the successive decades.
The war against working people in the U.S. is an extension of the campaign of vilification, demonization and outright occupation of the oppressed nations. It is only the rich defense contractors, industrialists and bankers who profit from imperialist conquest. Since the beginning of the so-called “war on terror” the overall conditions of working and oppressed people in the U.S. has decline precipitously.
Consequently, our struggle against the economic crisis, racist violence and austerity is part and parcel of a broader movement taking root around the world. As Malcolm X and later Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. would repeatedly state “our problem is not only an American problem, but a world problem.”
Some Recent Case Studies on the Intensifying Global Class Struggle
Egypt and Tunisia
An indication of the people’s willingness to fight the system of global oppression was illustrated clearly in Tunisia and Egypt during 2011. In southern Tunisia a national rebellion took root leading to the fall of the former dictator Zen Abidine Ben Ali in January of that year.
Later in Egypt, a national uprising, which resulted in the deaths of at least 800 people, erupted on January 25 leading to the removal of Hosni Mubarak who had dominated politics since the assassination of Anwar Sadat in October 1981. The movement in Egypt influenced developments in other parts of Africa and the Middle East—eventually inspiring the Wisconsin capitol takeover and standoff that winter.
Of course the Occupy Wall Street Movement (OWS) can be traced to the actions in North Africa and Wisconsin. The Occupy Movement spread across the U.S. and indeed the world with occupations in England, Australia and other countries.
Although these events prove that when pushed far enough the masses will rise up, the question becomes what are we fighting for? How do we transform a righteous people’s rebellion into a revolution that can not only affect the system but overthrow it?
This is why we must place emphasis on the ideological struggle and the necessity of revolutionary organization. V.I. Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik Party and the Russian Revolution, understood the questions of organization and power. In his works on “The State and Revolution,” “What Is To Be Done?”, and “Marxism and Insurrection,” Lenin takes up these issues.
One fundamental difference between Marxism-Leninism and Anarchism is how the state is viewed. How can working people transform the state to serve its own interests? Lenin pointed out through his study of Marx and Engels observations related to the Paris Commune of 1870-71 as well as the revolutionary uprisings of 1848-1851, that in order to move towards a classless society the workers and the oppressed must seize state power to fully eliminate all vestiges of exploitation and inequality.
These challenges become even more significant for the African Revolution in light of the legacy of slavery, colonialism and neocolonialism. Today the imperialists are able to rule indirectly through patronage, bribery, the tactical support of bourgeois class forces within the oppressed nations. If these measures are not sufficient the U.S., NATO and its allies can send in their military units to carry out aerial bombardments, drone attacks, counter-intelligence operations, and economic strangulation through sanctions or complete occupations with boots on the ground.
In Egypt the situation appears to have come full circle with the military back in power where Field Marshall Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi poised to take off his military uniform and run as a civilian president. The U.S., which had subsidized the Egyptian armed forces as rulers for three-and-a-half decades, refuses to label the events as a coup in order to maintain its control and influence over this strategic state.
In Tunisia, left politicians face assassination and other forms of political repression in order to open the way for a technocratic neocolonial state still in alliance with France and Washington. The form of the political system is emphasized over its essence which is still geared toward pleasing the West and its foreign policy imperatives for the region.
Central African Republic and South Sudan
Dominating corporate news coverage of the African continent recently has been the internal conflicts within the Central African Republic and South Sudan. These states have been the scene of military interventions by France, the U.S., the European Union (EU) and its allies in the region.
When discussing the events in the CAR and South Sudan the western media outlets often emphasize the ethnic-religious aspects of the conflicts and crises. The general tone of the reporting is to provide a rationale for imperialist intervention in order ostensibly restore order or possibly “democracy.”
Nonetheless, the role of these African states in the imperialist system of economic exploitation and oppression is never pointed out. Neither is there any serious mention of the strategic resources that exist in abundance in both the CAR and South Sudan.
France had colonized the CAR for decades and has always maintained both a military and economic presence inside the country. Paris’ motivations in the CAR are by no means “humanitarian” since colonialism was never a project to improve the conditions of peoples in Africa but to conquer, expropriate and exploit the people and their resources.
As more French troops poured into the CAR the greater the security risks were to its people. Many CAR residents realized this and began to organize demonstrations against the role of the French and Chadian troops.
The government of interim President Michel Djotodia was forcefully removed in January and a new regime headed by Catherine Samba-Panza, the former mayor of the capital of Bangui, was installed. However, the violence against the minority Muslim population continues. The situation is such that tens of thousands of Muslims, both CAR citizens and foreign nationals from Chad and Sudan are being forced to flee.
France announced that it will deploy another 400 troops bringing the official total up to 2,000 and that the EU will also send in another 1,000 soldiers. Several thousand troops from Chad, Rwanda and the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville are also in the country under the auspices of the MISCA, a Central African regional initiative, and the United Nations Security Council, which authorized the occupation led by France.
The Pentagon has been assisting the occupation of the CAR by ferrying troops into the state and providing intelligence and logistical support. In October 2011, the Obama administration had announced that it was deploying Special Forces and military trainers to four East and Central African states including the CAR along with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and South Sudan.
Mineral resources found in the CAR include gold, diamonds and uranium. The imperialists and their multi-national mining firms want to further exploit these resources for the benefit of Wall Street and the Pentagon.
In the Republic of South Sudan, the U.S. along with the State of Israel pushed for years in favor of the partition of the Republic of Sudan, which prior to 2011, was the largest geographic nation-state in Africa. The country was emerging as a significant oil-producing state marketing 500,000 barrels per day.
The Republic of Sudan also has natural gas and other hydro-electric potential for regional power generation. Strategically located on the Nile River, a project is underway with neighboring Ethiopia to build a Great Renaissance Dam that would redirect large sections of the Nile so that other states within East, North and Central Africa can deepen their cooperation through power generation and trade.
British colonialism and U.S. neocolonialism are at the root of the current crisis between the Republic of Sudan and South Sudan as well as the internal problems within the two now divided states. The role of the People’s Republic of China also cannot be ignored since most of the oil concessions in the Republic of Sudan were held by China and other Asian states.
Therefore the partition of the country has brought about economic hardships for both states. Yet these issues are rarely mentioned, if at all, when the situation prevailing inside both the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan are discussed in the Western press.
The role of Uganda, a key U.S. ally, has been instrumental in determining the outcome of the initial phase of the conflict between South Sudan President Salva Kiir and ousted Vice-President Riek Machar. Uganda’s government wants to maintain stability within South Sudan and have therefore sent thousands of its own troops into the country to bolster the Kiir regime.
Peace talks at the African Union (AU) headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia are being undermined by the Ugandan military presence. The U.S. utilized its newly-created East African Response Force, a unit of the U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), to enter South Sudan with greater force. Pentagon troops were deployed from the AFRICOM military base in the Horn of Africa state of Djibouti at Camp Lemonnier.
All throughout East Africa the Pentagon and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) maintains a strong presence. In Somalia, the CIA has a field station and launches drone attacks against alleged Al-Shabaab operatives in various regions of the country.
In Somalia there are 22,000 troops occupying the country from several U.S.-allied states in Africa including Uganda, Burundi, Sierra Leone and Djibouti. These forces are maintained through funding and training from Washington and Brussels. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has recently announced that the 2,000 Kenyan Defense Forces troops have been integrated into its operations from the south of the country which also has oil and is strategically located on the Gulf of Aden, one of the most lucrative shipping lanes in the world.
To secure the utilization of the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, there are flotillas of warships off the coast of Somalia from both the Pentagon and the EU Naval Force. The region of East Africa has also witness large-scale findings of additional petroleum and natural gas resources both inland and off shore from Somalia down to Mozambique.
Consequently, we can expect an escalating presence of the Pentagon and the EU within the East and Central African regions. These military operations are clearly designed as well to contain and block the greater involvement of the People’s Republic of China in this region of the continent.
South Africa and Zimbabwe
The Republic of South Africa has gained considerable attention with the passing of former African National Congress (ANC) leader and President Nelson Mandela. People within South Africa, the continent and the world mourned the passing of this freedom fighter on December 5, 2013.
South Africa has the strongest economy on the African continent and the largest working class. The working class in South Africa is still quite militant with ongoing strikes in the mining, automotive, agricultural and service industries of the national economy which is well integrated into the world capitalist system.
During the 1980s, the working class movement through the trade unions came to the fore making the demise of the apartheid a reality. The combined forces of the mass and trade union movements along with the armed struggle and the international solidarity campaigns proved to be a winning strategy in the defeat of one of the most egregious forms of national oppression internationally.
Apartheid, like slavery, Jim Crow and classical colonialism, was an economic system of exploitation. Even though the forms of racist discrimination have been legally abolished the South African state and economy still remains within the capitalist sphere of influence.
The South African Communist Party during the anti-apartheid struggle for national liberation characterized the system in the country as “colonialism of a special type.” Nonetheless since the ascendancy of the ANC to political power, South Africa is facing the same problems that other states on the continent are grappling with. There are the aspects of modern-day capitalism, i.e. high unemployment, underemployment, burgeoning class divisions, the intransigence of capital and the threat of imperialist intervention.
With the upcoming elections in South Africa on May 7, a struggle is unfolding between the ANC and its allies within the SACP and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) on the one hand and the Democratic Alliance party backed up by the mine owners and industrial magnates on the other. Although we would never claim as some ultra-leftists and reactionaries do, that there has been no progress in South Africa in light of the advances in housing, education, affirmative action, public transport and international relations, there is still a tremendous amount of work to be done to re-correct the legacy of the settler-colonial system of apartheid.
Mines which produced 80 percent of the world’s supply of platinum must be nationalized for the benefit of the workers inside the country. This is the only solution to the conditions under which the workers are toiling prompting them to sustain strikes and other labor actions in their demands for better wages and working conditions.
In neighboring Zimbabwe, the ZANU-PF government in 2000 paved the way for the large-scale redistribution of land which had been stolen by the white settlers during the later years of the 19th century. The government of President Robert Mugabe suffered sanctions and other efforts to both destabilize and overthrow the sovereign state of Zimbabwe.
Nevertheless, ZANU-PF has been able to hold out from this onslaught over the last fifteen years. There is much discussion now on how to further the empowerment of the African masses through the nationalization of mining and other sectors.
It seems inevitable that South Africa and Namibia will eventually take a similar course as Zimbabwe. These states combined with other regional entities can set the pace for greater mechanisms of economic and political unity throughout Africa.
Most states within the AU have stood by Zimbabwe in its struggle to defeat the western-backed sanctions and other forms of destabilization. At the recent AU Summit in Ethiopia, President Mugabe was voted in as Vice-Chair of the continental organization setting the stage for it takeover of the institution in 2015.
In the recent elections in Zimbabwe where ZANU-PF won the poll by a landslide, all relevant regional African organizations endorsed the outcome illustrating support for land reform and other forms of empowerment throughout the continent. Despite the sanctions imposed by Britain, the U.S., the EU and Australia, the Republic of South Africa, the regional Southern African Development Community (SADC), the AU in addition to the People’s Republic of China have maintained and enhanced fraternal relations with Zimbabwe.
Conclusion: Our Tasks as Anti-Imperialists
We must continue our solidarity with the struggles of working and oppressed peoples throughout the globe. The efforts on the part of the ruling class to divide the peoples of the so-called Global South from those residing in the more Northern industrialized regions cannot be allowed to succeed.
Any vestiges of “protectionism” and national chauvinism which remain among the workers in the West can only be described as political reaction emanating from a delusional worldview. These outlooks have gotten workers nowhere in the current period since their wages have been lowered and the ideological offensive on the part of the ruling class is intensifying.
Workers and the nationally oppressed inside the U.S. must answer the bankers and bosses with acts of solidarity with the peoples of Africa, the Middle East, Asia-Pacific and South America. Workers in South Africa should be championed in their heroic struggles for a living wage and control over their wealth and conditions of employment.
In Colombia workers at General Motors who have been injured on the job are thrown away like trash. A coalition of Detroit workers and community activists have taken up the plight of the injured Colombian GM workers and have provided concrete actions of solidarity through demonstrations, public relations campaigns and material support.
There is growing support for the revolutions in Cuba, Venezuela and Bolivia. Ruling class propaganda against all the forces of progress, socialism and revolution in South America has often been ignored by the people of the U.S. and Western Europe.
Many people who have traveled to these Caribbean and South American states are struck by the degree to which working and poor people have been empowered. In Cuba there are social gains that have been in existence for decades in the areas of healthcare, technological and scientific research that remain unmatched in the U.S.
The attempted isolation by U.S. imperialism of progressive states and socialist construction in South America has not worked. The South American governments are looking to Africa, the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region for allies.
These trends are reflected in the African-South American Summit, the BRICS Summit, and the Non-aligned Movement (NAM), which is currently chaired by the Islamic Republic of Iran. Such developments in international relations are a manifestation of a rising consciousness and unity among the former colonial and neo-colonial states and peoples.
Workers and oppressed peoples in the West must embrace and defend these gains in order to learn lessons that can be beneficial in the overall global class struggle. The degree to which our solidarity is expressed with the peoples of the world the further we will be along in winning a world devoid of exploitation and oppression therefore creating the conditions for the realization of a socialist future.
Pan-African Journal: Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast Featuring Abayomi Azikiwe in Boston, Feb. 22, 2014
Boston audience attends lecture by Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, who spoke on the role of imperialism in Africa on Saturday Feb. 22, 2014., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.For Immediate Release
Tuesday March 4, 2014
Abayomi Azikiwe, Editor of the Pan-African News Wire, Speaks During African American History Month in Boston on Saturday Feb. 22, 2014
To listen to this Pan-African Journal Special Worldwide Radio Broadcast just click on the website below:
February is African American History Month and this year Abayomi Azikwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire, went on a lecture tour to four cities on the east coast of the United States. Azikiwe visited and delivered talks in New York City, Boston, Baltimore and Philadelphia.
The theme of the lectures was "Africa and the Struggle Against Imperialism." In Boston where this program was broadcast, there was a standing room only crowd which listened intently to the lecture and raised serious questions in its aftermath.
Since the Bush administration and continuing under Obama, the United States imperialist system has escalated its military presence on the African continent through the U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM). In the recent developments in the Central African Republic and the Republic of South Sudan, Pentagon troops have been involved.
Many of the contemporary problems within various African states were inherited from the systems of colonialism and neo-colonialism. Therefore Africans worldwide must draw on their historical legacy of anti-imperialist and Pan-African struggle to fight the push for the total recolonization of the continent.
A Russian army officer helps armored personnel carrier in Sevastopol, Ukraine's Black Sea Port. The United States supported fascist coup is raising tensions within the region., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Russia to recall ambassador from USA after Obama's insulting statement
03.03.2014 | Source: Pravda.Ru
Russia's Federation Council offered Russian President Vladimir Putin to recall the Russian ambassador from the United States, first deputy chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Federation Council Vladimir Dzhabarov said.
The Senator said that the speaker of the Federation Council, Valentina Matviyenko, signed the appeal prepared by the committee. The document does not imply the ambassador should be recalled automatically. "It is for the president to make the decision, on the basis of political expediency," he explained.
On March 1, Valentina Matvienko requested SF Foreign Affairs Committee to make an appeal to Vladimir Putin to recall the Russian ambassador from the United States.
Meanwhile, at an extraordinary meeting of the Upper House of the Russian Parliament, Deputy Speaker Yuri Vorobyov stated that US President Barack Obama had crossed the line when he said that Russia would have to pay a high price for its policies. According to Vorobyov, Obama insulted the Russian people.
"I think we need to appeal to the President and recall the ambassador," said the official.
The UK, Canada and Lithuania have recalled their ambassadors from Moscow, citing the possible deployment of Russian troops on the territory of Ukraine. To crown it all, it was announced that all seven G7 members have suspended preparations for the summit G8, which was to be held in Sochi in the summer of 2014.
Russian President Vladimir Putin overseeing military drills. Russian military forces are preparing for the possibility of further United States backed destabilization efforts in Ukraine., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
President Putin monitors military exercise in Leningrad region
Russia March 03, 19:52 UTC+4
President Putin accompanied by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, troops commander of the Western Military District Anatoly Sidorov and Chief of the head department of combat training of the Russian armed forces Ivan Buvaltsov on Monday have monitored a military exercise held on the Kirillovsky test range in the Leningrad region in the framework of a surprise inspection of combat readiness of troops and ammunition of the Western and Central military districts.
The surprise inspection of troops of the Western and Central military districts, which began on February 26, ends late on March 3.
Around 150,000 servicemen, 90 planes, 120 helicopters, 880 tanks, 80 ships all in all took part in the exercise.
More than 1,800 servicemen, 30 tanks, around 20 airborne combat vehicles, five planes and 80 helicopters were involved in the exercise held on the Kirillovsky test range on five scenarios: drills in combat operations and liquidation of a presumed adversary, landing operations by paratroopers on guided parachutes and landing of tactical airborne troops for isolation of a zone of military operations, neutralization of an artillery unit or a logistics supply battalion.
Putin orders troops that took part in military exercises to return to bases
Russia March 04, 10:31 UTC+4
MOSCOW, March 04. /ITAR-TASS/. Russian President and Supreme Commander in Chief Vladimir Putin has ordered troops that took part in military exercises to return to their bases, the president’s press secretary Dmitry Peskov said.
According to Peskov, on Monday, after a report about successful exercises was presented to Putin, the supreme commander in chief ordered the troops that participated in the exercises to return to their permanent deployment bases.
On Monday, the president personally watched the exercises on the Kirillovsky training ground in the Leningrad Region, together with Defenыe Minister Sergei Shoigu, the Western Military District Troops' Commander Anatoly Sidorov and Chief of the Main Department for Combat Training of the Armed Forces Ivan Buvaltsev.
The urgent drills were conducted to test the combat readiness of troops of the western and central military districts, involving 150,000 personnel, up to 90 planes, 120 helicopters, 880 tanks and 80 ships.
On the training ground, Putin, who had ordered the urgent drills, watched tactical exercises of a motorized infantry brigade and paratroops who played five main episodes - brigade units' combat actions, elimination of an enemy detachment, landing of paratroopers to destroy a control point, landing of tactical airborne units to isolate an areas of combat actions and an operation to destroy artillery and a material support battalion. The training involved more than 1,800 personnel, more than 30 tanks, about 20 combat vehicles, five planes and 80 helicopters.
A monument to the Soviet Red Army that fought against the Nazi invasion of the Ukraine was painted in the colors of the fascists inside the country who overthrew the government. The uprising and coup is supported by United States imperialism., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Russian Defense Ministry dismisses Ukraine ultimatum reports as ‘total nonsense’
Published March 03, 2014 17:01
Media reports about an alleged Russian ultimatum made to the Ukrainian armed forces in Crimea are “total nonsense,” a spokesman for the Russian Defense Ministry said.
He said that no ultimatum had been made to the Ukrainian forces, Interfax reports.
“We have become accustomed to the daily accusations by the Ukrainian media of carrying out some sort of military actions against our Ukrainian colleagues," Russian Black Sea Fleet representative said, adding that “those who want to pit us against each other in the Crimea won’t succeed.”
“There’s nothing new about such disinformation. It’s clear who is behind this. Those ‘puppeteers’ have been unable to come up with anything new since Yugoslavia, Iraq and Syria,” he added.
Also, a source in the Russian Defense Ministry told RT that they are unaware of any Russian ultimatum toward the Ukrainian forces in Crimea.
The source revealed that they had only heard about the alleged ultimatum from a report by Interfax-Ukraine news agency.
“We’re interested in keeping friendly relations with the people of Ukraine and in preserving stability,” the source told RT.
The Russian Foreign Ministry also stressed that the Black Sea Fleet units in the Crimea aren’t interfering into the internal events of Ukrainian politics.
The self-deсlared Ukrainian Defense Ministry claimed earlier Monday that the Russian Black Sea Fleet had delivered an ultimatum to the Ukrainian forces remaining on the Crimean peninsula.
“If they won’t give up by 05:00 local time (03:00 GMT) a full-scale assault on the units of Ukrainian military in Crimea will begin,” an unnamed source in the ministry told Interfax-Ukraine.
On Saturday, Russia’s Federation Council unanimously approved President Vladimir Putin’s request to send Russian military forces in Ukraine to ensure peace and order in the region “until the socio-political situation in the country is stabilized.”
However, the final say about sending in the troops lies with Putin, who hasn’t yet made such a decision.
The authorities in Crimea requested Moscow’s assistance after the new self-proclaimed government in Kiev introduced a law abolishing the use of languages other than Ukrainian in official circumstances in the country.
More than half the Crimean population are Russian and use only this language for their communication. The residents have announced they are going to hold a referendum on March 30 to determine the fate of the Ukrainian autonomous region.
Crimean authorities denounced the self-proclaimed government in Kiev and declared that all Ukrainian law enforcement and military deployed in the peninsula must take orders from them. The majority of troops in Crimea switched sides in favor of the local authorities.
Feeling a threat from the new central government of questionable legitimacy, a number of regions stood up against it.
Thousands of people across eastern and southern Ukraine are flooding the streets of major cities, urging local authorities to disobey Kiev’s orders. The local population is calling the government in Kiev illegitimate and demanding that their local governments refuse to take orders from it.
Yanukovich sent letter to Putin asking for Russian military presence in Ukraine
Published March 03, 2014 21:31
Russian Ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin says ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich has sent a letter to Putin asking him to use military force in Ukraine to restore law and order.
"Under the influence of Western countries, there are open acts of terror and violence," Churkin quoted the letter from Yanukovich to Putin in the third emergency meeting of the UN Security Council.
"People are being persecuted for language and political reasons," Churkin read. ”So in this regard I would call on the President of Russia, Mr. Putin, asking him to use the armed forces of the Russian Federation to establish legitimacy, peace, law and order, stability and defending the people of Ukraine."
After reading the letter, Churkin held up a copy of the original letter from Yanukovich to Putin for council members to look at.
Churkin also told the UN Security Council that it is about protecting the rights of the Russian-speaking population there.
Russia considers it necessary to ensure that the agreement between Viktor Yanukovich and the opposition on the crisis in Ukraine is fulfilled, Churkin told the UNSC.
Churkin said it is essential that the obligations set forth in the agreement on February 21 be fulfilled, such as beginning the process of constitutional reform with full participation and contributions from all regions of Ukraine for subsequent approval in a national referendum, and the formation of a legitimate government of national unity in the interests of all political forces and regions.
Churkin clarified at the UNSC meeting that Russia’s goal is not to return ousted leader Viktor Yanukovich to power, but acknowledged that he is still the legitimate president of Ukraine and that his fate should be decided by the people of Ukraine.
He stressed the need to "rein in the radicals" operating in Ukraine and asked Ukrainian opposition leaders to dissociate themselves from them.
Churkin added that new information is emerging about more provocations in the works against the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Ukraine.
People’s self-defense units were formed in a situation where threats and forceful actions of ultra-nationalists puts at risk the lives of Russian citizens and the Russian-speaking population. The units already managed to prevent the capture of administrative buildings and the smuggling of large amounts of firearms and explosives by radicals, Churkin explained.
US Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power followed Churkin’s comments in front of the UN Security Council, saying that Russia's actions regarding Ukraine are a “violation of international law.”
"It is a fact that today Russian jets entered Ukrainian airspace," Power said. "Russia military action is a violation of international law. Russian military bases in Ukraine are secure. Russian mobilization is a response to an imaginary threat. Military action can not be justified on the basis of threats that haven't been made or aren't being carried out. Russia needs to engage directly with the government of Ukraine."
Powers appealed for human rights monitors to be sent to Ukraine, while calling on Russia to “immediately pull back” deployed forces.
"Russia has every right to wish events had turned out differently. It doesn't have the right to express that using military force," Power said.
Ukraine Ambassador to the United Nations Yuriy Sergeyev said his country has “not received a compelling answer” on Russia’s stated reasons for moves into Crimea.
“You call it a coup d'etat. We call it a revolution of dignity,” Sergeyev said, speaking in the direction of Russia’s Churkin.
"We [Ukraine] have a different understanding of human rights than you [Russia],” Sergeyev added.
Liu Jieyi, China's permanent representative to the United Nations, said China condemns the recent extremist violence in Ukraine.
“We urge all sides to resolve differences through legal framework” and to protect rights of all people, Jieyi said.
The Ukrainian parliament in Kiev in its first days disturbed eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, where many Russian speakers live, by voting to repeal a law which gave regional status to the Russian language.
Seeing this as part of an anti-Russian discriminatory stance of the government, some of the regions denounced Kiev and said they would not be taking orders from the new regime.
Authorities in Crimea requested Moscow’s assistance after parliament voted to repeal the law.
More than half of the Crimean population are Russian and use only the Russian language for their communication. The residents have announced they will hold a referendum on March 30 to determine the fate of the Ukrainian autonomous region.
Crimean authorities denounced the self-proclaimed government in Kiev and declared that all Ukrainian law enforcement and military deployed in the peninsula must take orders from them. The majority of troops in Crimea switched sides in favor of local authorities.
In the wake of the escalation, the self-imposed president of Ukraine, Aleksandr Turchinov, spoke out against the language vote, stating on Monday evening that he will not sign the decision to repeal the language law. Instead, he will wait until a working group drafts a new law that will allow the use of all languages in Ukraine.
In the 1990s, the status of Sevastopol became the subject of endless debates between Russia and Ukraine. Following negotiations, the city and surrounding territories were granted a special “state significance” status within the Ukrainian state, and some of the naval facilities were leased to Russia for its Black Sea Fleet until at least 2047. According to the agreement, Russia can have up to 25,000 personnel in Crimea, according to Churkin.
Feeling a threat from the self-appointed government, a number of regions have stood up against it. Thousands of people across eastern and southern Ukraine are flooding the streets of major cities, urging local authorities to disobey Kiev’s orders. The local population has deemed the government in Kiev illegitimate, demanding that their local governments refuse to take orders from it.
Thousands rally in Russia’s southwest to support Russian speakers in Ukraine
Published March 04, 2014 02:19
Thousands gathered in the Russian cities of Novocherkassk, Bryansk, and Belgorod to support the Russian-speaking population in Ukraine. “We don’t abandon our people,” said banners held by those who sympathized with residents of the crisis-torn country.
Nearly 7,500 people took part in a demonstration in the southern city of Novocherkassk, one of the biggest industrial centers of Rostov region and capital of the Cossacks.
People from the entire Rostov region gathered in the center of the city, carrying Russian flags and wearing black and orange ribbons – a Russian symbol of the victory in World War II. The demonstrators held banners saying, “No to extremism,” and “Peace for Ukraine,” along with “Russia and Ukraine: the same roots, the same faith.”
What is currently happening in Ukraine can hardly be called “democratic reorganizations,” said Anatoly Nosyrev, world champion in kickboxing and Novocherkassk resident.
Rallies in the southern city of Bryansk, a center of steel and manufacturing, attracted over 5,000 people, local police told ITAR-TASS.
Among those present to support Ukraine were World War II veterans, activists of public organizations, students, and teachers.
“I sympathize with Ukrainian people, especially with the citizens of Crimea and Sevastopol,” said Vitaly Volvich, a citizen of Bryansk.
The rally, held under the slogan, 'We don’t abandon our people,' started in the city’s center square.
“By this demonstration, we give hope to all the citizens of Crimea that Russia doesn’t abandon them. We are ready to help them,” said Igor Dorokhov, a former officer who served in Ukraine.
Some of the city's deputies also called upon the local people to support the rally, which was deemed a "popular gathering for brotherly people."
“The nationalism is raising in the Western parts of Ukraine,” said Nikolay Dashunin, the head of administration of one of Bryansk’s districts. “We gathered here to support Russian-speaking citizens of Crimea and Ukraine in general.”
Rallies and other actions in support of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine also attracted nearly 5,000 people in the southern city of Belgorod, the capital of the region which borders Ukraine.
The future of Ukraine should be determined by its citizens, not separate radicals, said the participants of the rally.
“Now it is very important to let Ukrainian nation make its own decisions,” said Viktor Ovchinnikov, deputy head of Public Chamber of the Belgorod Region, adding that the Ukrainian people should feel the support of Russians.
Only 80 kilometers separate Belgorod from its neighbor, the eastern Ukrainian city of Kharkov. During World War II, their citizens fought against Nazi invasion together under the flags of the USSR.
“Veterans of both Belgorod and Kharkov have long life traditions,” said city veterans. “We shouldn’t leave them [people of Kharkov] in trouble.”
On Sunday, thousands in Moscow, St Petersburg, and the southern city of Krasnodar rallied in support of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine. Around 27,000 people – including members of patriotic youth groups and veterans’ organizations – took part in the Moscow march, held under the slogan, 'We don’t abandon our people.'
A demonstration in St. Petersburg attracted some 15,000 people. The rally was organized as a gesture of approval of the decision of the Russian government, which allowed the use of Russian troops to protect Russian citizens and ethnic Russians living in Ukraine from possible violence.
Authorities in Crimea requested Moscow’s assistance after the new self-proclaimed government in Kiev introduced a law abolishing the use of languages other than Ukrainian in official circumstances.
Feeling a threat from the self-appointed government, a number of regions have stood up against it. Thousands of people across eastern and southern Ukraine are flooding the streets of major cities, urging local authorities to disobey Kiev’s orders. The local population has deemed the government in Kiev illegitimate, demanding that their local governments refuse to take orders from it.
Lupita Nyong'o has won the best supporting actress award at the Academy for her performance in 12 Years a Slave. Steve McQueen, the director, won for best film of the year., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
Lupita Nyong’o shines
March 4, 2014
An emotional Lupita Nyong’o won the Oscar for best supporting actress on Sunday for her role as the hard-working slave Patsey in drama “12 Years a Slave”, capping a breakout awards season for the Yale-trained Kenyan actress.
Nyong’o (31) won the Oscar in her first feature film role, earning a thunderous standing ovation from the Hollywood audience. She beat fellow frontrunner Jennifer Lawrence’s portrayal of a loopy housewife in caper “American Hustle” in one of the most closely-watched Academy Award races this year.
“Yes!” the actress exclaimed when accepting the award after hugging her brother, “12 Years a Slave” director Steve McQueen and other actors in the film.
“It doesn’t escape me for one moment that so much joy in my life is thanks to so much pain in someone else’s, and so I want to salute the spirit of Patsey, for her guidance.”
Nyong’o, who earned the same award from her peers at the Screen Actors Guild Awards in January, was chosen for the role from some 1 000 young actresses who auditioned.
“When I look down at this golden statue, may it remind me and every little child that no matter where you’re from your dreams are valid,” Nyong’o said, with tears in her eyes.
The Oscar marks Nyong’o’s coronation into the top echelon of dramatic actresses working in Hollywood.
“I’m a little dazed, I can’t believe this (award) is in my hands, I can’t believe this is real life, I’m just really overwhelmed,” Nyong’o told reporters backstage.
“What I have learned for myself is that I don’t have to be anybody else and myself is good enough and that when I’m being true to myself, I can avail myself to extraordinary things such as this,” Nyong’o added.
The actress has also become a new emblem of high fashion with her styles on the red carpet.
Her light blue halter-neck Prada grown, which the actress helped design herself, wowed at the Oscars.
“12 Years a Slave,” by British director McQueen, is based on the memoir of Solomon Northup, a 19th century free black man tricked and sold into slavery.
Nyong’o gave her strongest thank-you onstage to McQueen for casting the formerly little-known actress in the role.
“This has been the joy of my life,” she said.
“I’m certain the dead are standing about you and watching and they are grateful, and so am I.”
Nyong’o’s Patsey, who is able to pick more pounds (kilos) of cotton per day than the stronger male slaves, embodies resilience in the drama even as the primary recipient of physical and sexual violence.
“There was an underlying stream of grief at all times even in the lighter scenes,” Nyong’o said last year while promoting the film.
“There is a deep pain in Patsey throughout and living in that pain was not easy.”
SPLM-N negotiation team with former South African President Thabo Mbeki on Feb. 13, 2014. They are attempting to resolve outstanding issues stemming from the 2011 partition of Sudan., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
MONDAY 3 MARCH 2014
Mbeki suspends talks on Sudan’s Two Areas, refers process to African Union
March 2, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) - The African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) Sunday announced that it can no longer continue its mediation to end the conflict in Sudan’s Two Area due to the considerable gap in the positions of the two parties and referred the matter to the African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC).
On 18 February, the mediation handed over to the Sudanese government and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), a draft framework agreement calling to cease hostilities, open humanitarian access to reach civilians in the rebel areas. The proposal also suggested to hold direct talks on the Two Areas and to prepare the ground for a national conference on constitutional reforms.
The government delegation accepted the proposal of the mediation and insisted that the rebel group should accept to disarm and reintegrate its combatants. From its side, the SPLM-N proposed to negotiate a new humanitarian deal. Also, the group stressed that Khartoum should lift a ban on its political activities and accept them as political partner in the constitutional conference. Furthermore, the group called to hold a preliminary meeting in Addis Ababa to fix the modalities of the process.
"As is its right, the SPLM-N presented a fundamentally different proposal, which rendered an agreement unattainable. The Panel is of the view that as matters stand, it is impossible to bridge the chasm between the Parties and will therefore refer the matter back to its mandating principal, the AUPSC, for further guidance," the AUHIP said in its statement.
The panel of mediators headed by the former South African president Thabo Mbeki further praised the discussions that the government is holding with the opposition political parties to convene an inclusive national dialogue inside the country.
"This underscores the need urgently to find a peaceful settlement of the conflict in the Two Areas, the better to integrate the Two Areas into the national dialogue," the mediation added.
The government said it intends to end the military conflicts with the rebel groups in the Two Areas and Darfur region through separate peace agreements after what they can join a national process aiming to adopt a new constitution.
The rebels groups in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile and Darfur proposed to sign a comprehensive cessation of hostilities and to participate in an inclusive process with the other political parties after the formation of a new government. This holistic conference will discuss the regional conflicts, and adopt a new constitution.
In Addis Ababa, the government and rebel delegations traded accusations over the collapse of negotiations.
The government chief negotiator Ibrahim Ghandour who arrived on Sunday morning to the venue of the talks in Addis Ababa told reporters that SPLM-N is responsible for the failure of the talks because they demand the inclusion of national issues in a process destined to resolve the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.
Ghandour further criticised the AUHIP for not blaming the SPLM-N rebels and holding them "responsible for spoiling the talks". He further expressed hope that the position of the AUPSC on the resolution of the conflict in the Two Areas be more fair.
The presidential assistant further expected that SPLM-N rebels escalate military attacks in South Kordofan.
He also said that they would not accept to internationalise the national dialogue process.
"We will not accept the internationalisation of dialogue, and Mbeki has nothing to do the dialogue process. The claims of the SPLM-N are an attempt to waste time and resources needed by the Sudanese people," Ghandour said.
The spokesperson of the SPLM-N negotiating delegation was not reachable to comment on the suspension of talks.
However, in a press conference held on Saturday evening in Addis Ababa, the rebel top negotiator, Yasir Arman, reiterated that the 28 June 2011 framework agreement is the reference point for the peace process.
The deal, which is denounced by the government, establishes a political partnership between the ruling National Congress Party and the SPLM-N and provides they work together to achieve democratic reforms.
Arman further said that the presidential initiative for national dialogue creates a good atmosphere to implement the framework agreement more than any time before. However he blamed the government delegation for not coming with new ideas about the comprehensive political solution.
"We do not want intentions, but we want solutions". If the government and the NCP do not have ready ideas now, or want to complete the process of consultation with all political forces they must ask a specific period to complete the dialogue, and then come up with clear ideas," he further added.
The deputy head of the Sudanese government delegation, Suleiman Omer, told reporters on Saturday that they have a mandate to negotiate only on the Two Areas.
In October 2009, the former South African president presented a report about justice and peace in Darfur to the AUPSC and the UN Security Council.
Since he was appointed to chair a follow-up panel to help to implement his recommendations for peace in Darfur and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 related to the South Sudan before its independence and democratic transition in the country.
South Sudanese dissident Gen. James Koany Chuol of Unity state has announced his support for the opposition and the appointment of an interim administration. The rebellion is calling for the removal of President Salva Kiir., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
TUESDAY 4 MARCH 2014
MSF warns of deteriorating security in Unity state’s Leer county
March 3, 2014 (BENTIU) - The deteriorating security situation in Leer county and surrounding areas of South Sudan’s Unity state has devastating consequences for thousands of people hiding in bushes, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) warned last week.
The medical charity, in a statement, said 240 of its local staff has left Leer hospital, fleeing into bushes with several dozen of the most severely injured patients and thousands of local people.
“The security situation is worsening every day, living conditions are life-threatening and MSF has now lost contact with two-thirds of its staff,” partly reads the statement.
One MSF staff member explained, “Many people from Leer are here – the community are hungry, food and water are a problem for everyone – people are drinking water from a dirty river. We hide during the day; it is safer for us to move around at night.”
Raphael Gorgeu, MSF’s South Sudan head of mission described the situation on the ground as “chaotic” and “hostile”, adding that it was very difficult to know where civilians fled to.
“The sporadic contact we are able to make with our staff paints a desperate picture for them and the unknown thousands living in terrible conditions, vulnerable to disease, dehydration, malnutrition and attack,” further he stressed.
Meanwhile, MSF staffs are reportedly continuing to care for patients, but said medicines were running out.
Fifteen surgical cases, the international charity said, were still being cared for by the staff, but could no longer change their surgical dressings due to supply shortages.
“The staffs who remain in touch with MSF report that worsening security has pushed them further into the bush. They have split into smaller groups to decrease the chance of attack and divided their supplies of medicines, which they are saving to treat only the most life-threatening cases,” explained Gorgeu.
Last week, one MSF team was reportedly treating at least 45 critically ill patients each day.
“The most common conditions are watery diarrhoea, respiratory tract infections and malaria – conditions that are directly related to the dire living conditions and lack of shelter and mosquito nets,” the agency said, adding “Staff have also reported alarming cases of sexual violence.”
MSF has worked in Leer for the past 25 years, providing outpatient and inpatient care for children and adults, surgery, maternity, HIV/TB treatment, and intensive care.
SPLA troops guarding Bentiu, Unity State. The area is a large oil-producing center in the Central African state., a photo by Pan-African News Wire File Photos on Flickr.
MONDAY 3 MARCH 2014
Juba asked IGAD nations to deploy troops to protect oilfields: official
March 3, 2014 (KHARTOUM) - South Sudan’s government said it submitted a proposal to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) to deploy 10 battalions to protect its capital, Juba and the oilfields against attacks by rebel groups from Burundi and Rwanda.
It asserted that the East African regional bloc is currently examining its proposal.
Ateny Wek Ateny, the press secretary to South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir announced the gradual withdrawal of the Ugandan troops from South Sudan’s territory towards Western Equatoria to continue its mission in fighting the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
The presence of the Ugandan army in South Sudan represented a major obstacle to implementing the cessation of hostilities agreement signed in Addis Ababa last January between the government and rebels led by ex-vice president, Riek Machar.
Ateny, stressed in a press conference in Khartoum on Sunday that Juba would accept the proposal for holding a constitutional conference, saying it must be preceded by an agreement on a permanent ceasefire, resettlement of refugees and providing humanitarian assistance for the affected.
He renewed his government’s accusation that the United Nations allegedly supported the rebels, questioning why its mission in Juba never condemned Machar’s forces for "stealing 20 vehicles".
Ateny further claimed they tapped phone conversations of a senior UN official, allegedly telling somebody in Nairobi, Kenya that the rebels would be assisted if they reached the capital.
President Kiir’s spokesperson said that Machar’s forces fought government army using UN tanks, asserting the government will prosecute the four leaders who were detained in connection with the coup attempt including the former secretary general of the country’s ruling party (SPLM), Pagan Amum, in a military court.
Both pro and anti-government armed forces are responsible for serious abuses that may amount to war crimes in two key oil hubs in South Sudan during recent fighting, the US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report last week.
“The wanton destruction and violence against civilians in this conflict is shocking,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch.
“Both sides need to stop their forces from committing abuses and hold those who have responsible for their actions, and the African Union (AU) should accelerate its long promised investigations", he added.
But Ateny has criticised the HRW report, accusing the renowned rights body of "taking the side of the rebels". He also questioned the credibility of witnesses’ accounts that government army committed genocide, describing them as “liars” seeking to secure political asylum.
He said South Sudan was an open country and pointed that war creates a good opportunity for chaos indicating foreign elements might have involved in the incidents.
Ateny also disclosed that they arrested 50 people for involvement in killing on ethnic basis, accusing Machar of exploiting the fact that 75% of his Nuer tribe are army personnel who dragged the country into ethnic war, asserting the latter’s plot failed to achieve its objective.
He accused Machar of launching ethnic war allegedly killing 175 people in Unity state capital, Bentiu and 126 members of the Dinka tribe inside the hospital in Bor, besides committing rape, crimes and killing of nuns inside a church in Bor.
Ateny, however, demanded that Machar forms an investigation committee to look into those accusations and asserted stability of the security situation in South Sudan, saying military operations are restricted to four districts, including two in Jonglei, as well as one Upper Nile and Unity states.
The official also criticised Ethiopia indirectly saying it had a long record of human rights violations.
Conflict erupted in South Sudan’s capital on December 15, 2013 when President Kiir the accused his longest-serving deputy of allegedly staging a coup.
Both sides have been accused of committing atrocities and violence has continued despite a ceasefire agreement signed on 23 January in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa.